The establishment of the Russia began as early as the 13th century AD with the emergence of the East Slavs and many other European countries approved of it. Afterwards during the 19th century, the Franks founded the Kievan Rus’ state and then they converted to Orthodox Christians in 998 due to the influence of the Byzantine Empire at the time
This event was in fact the beginning of the mingling between the cultures of the Byzantines and the Slavs that formed the Russian culture afterwards. Travelers around the world travel to Russia for its distinguished culture and architecture.
However, the Kievan Rus disintegrated at the end into smaller kingdoms which in turn were all invaded by the Mongols at the beginning of the 13th century and they became part of the golden horde. Shortly afterwards, the Grand Duchy of Moscow started to unite again and it was able to became independent eventually.
Throughout a long period of time that lasted for more than two centuries, this kingdom expanded through successful military campaigns and many exploration missions to become the Russian Empire we know of today as the third largest kingdoms in history that extended from Poland in Europe to Alaska in Northern America.
The country today enjoys all the elements for travelers to enjoy their tours in Russia. These include different types and forms of landscapes, a rich distinguished historical and cultural heritage, and many interesting activities to be carried out.
Russia has the privilege having some of the wonderful beaches at the Black Sea in the South and the Baltic Sea situated in the Northern section of the country. This offers the guests who travel to Russia superb chances for summer vacations.
Many travel packages to Russia are also organized to the northernmost region of the country to enable the guests to enjoy watching the natural phenomenon of the Aurora or the polar light, these amazing natural lights that are formed at the North and the South poles.
A large percentage of the travelers who tour Russia are fond of hunting. They explore regions like the forests and the mountainsides of Siberia and Caucasus where many several species of animals and birds reside. There is also the city of Astrakhan where travelers would have the chance to watch flamingo, penguins, and some other rare types of birds.
Adventurers who go on trips to Russia would love the mountain environment. They would surely be delighted as they will enjoy climbing, walking into caves, sand skiing, riding mountain bikes in many regions in Russia.
Those who love having river cruises would be happy to spend their vacations in Russia sailing in the Volga, Lena, and Angara Rivers that are featured with their wide and deep waters. The guests would enjoy riding in various types of boats, catamarans, and canoes.
Ice skiing in several mountains is among the most popular activities for tourists who spend their vacations in Russia. The most important ice skiing centers in Russia are located in Caucasus like the Mount Elbrus, Kazbek, and Shkhara, This area of the mountains of Caucasus is among the most beautiful natural regions in the world where greenery blends with ice and rivers offering the guests with magnificent views.
The Ural Mountains on the other hand are the finest choice for group ice skiers. Although these mountains are not high as other mountains of Russia, they have ice all year-long. This is where many skiing centers are located where tourists and locals enjoy skiing.
One of the new and most wonderful skiing centers in Russia is the Krasnaya Polyana. The new amazing center is actually supported by Vladimir Putin that will be completed in the few coming years. This magnificent resort will allow the guests to ice skate at the mountains and swim in the sea all in the same place.